Arkansas is home to the American black bear, the only bear species that lives in the state.
The black bear is the smallest bear species in the United States and the most common bear found in North America. Black bears are not always black – their coats can also range in color from brown to gray to cinnamon.
Arkansas was actually known as the Bear State long before it was known as The Natural State, with pre-settlement estimates of up to 50,000 bears. However, by the 1930s, black bears were almost hunted completely out of the state.
Today, there are over 5,000 bears in the state, thanks to the Black Bear Restoration Program from 1958-1968. This reintroduction effort is recognized as the most successful reintroduction of a large carnivore in history. The AGFC currently allows carefully regulated bear hunting each season.
Frequently Asked Questions: Tagging and Checking Big Game
Option 1. Immediately upon taking a bear (before moving it), you must check your harvest online, by the AGFC mobile app or phone 833-289-2469 and have confirmation number readily available.
Option 2. Fill out the game tag provided in the guidebook in ink. You may substitute a piece of paper for this tag, it must include the hunter’s name, the date and bear zone of harvest or confirmation number written legibly in ink. After tagging your game call 833-289-2469, visit www.agfc.com or use the AGFC mobile app within 12 hrs to complete checking.
Hunters who successfully harvest a bear must submit a tooth within 7 days after you have received your premolar package from AGFC.
The upper and lower premolar tooth is right behind the canine tooth (see photo). Premolars generally come out of the jaw easily with a small flat awl, screwdriver or locking knife blade (be careful). First, cut the gum around the tooth. Then lift the tooth out gently by undercutting the premolar, using the curve of the canine tooth to guide you. The bear’s age can only be determined by the root of the tooth, so be careful not to break the root as you extract the tooth. If you break the root, try extracting another premolar from the top or bottom.
Aging harvested bears lets biologists accurately model bear populations and monitor the population structure. Age data must be collected from all harvested bears to better manage bear populations.