Feral hogs are not native to the United States. They are an invasive species, a public nuisance and a threat to Arkansas. They compete for food resources, destroy habitat by rooting and wallowing and will eat ground-nesting birds, eggs, fawns and young domestic livestock. They also carry up to 45 bacteria, diseases and parasites, including Trichinellosis, Brucellosis and swine herpes virus.
Hunting and shooting feral pigs has been implemented for the last few decades. It can chase feral hogs away from crops or food plots temporarily, but they soon return or become a problem for a neighboring landowner. Studies show at least 66 percent of a hog population must be removed each year just to prevent it from growing. Hunting has shown to reduce hog populations by only 8 to 50 percent.
The Arkansas Game and Fish Commission recognizes large-scale trapping as the most efficient and economical means currently available to reduce feral hog populations.
Sport hunting of feral hogs has been more hindrance to hog removal than benefit. Illegal relocation of hogs for hunting purposes has spread the problem to new areas. The shooting of individual hogs also thwarts large-scale trapping efforts by agencies because increased disturbance makes it nearly impossible to catch the whole sounder, or family group, at once.
Act 1104 of the Arkansas General Assembly prohibits the possession, sale and transport of any hogs not conspicuously identified by ear tag provided by the Arkansas Livestock and Poultry Commission.
Feral hogs may be killed or trapped year-round, by a landowner or anyone with the landowner’s permission (except anyone who has had his or her hunting license revoked).
It is unlawful to hunt, possess or release live feral hogs on WMAs. However, feral hogs may be killed by hunters who are hunting bear, deer, or elk during a firearm season with weapons legal for those seasons on the areas listed below.
Hunters must comply with all hunting license and permit requirements on these WMAs. Feral hogs killed on WMAs may be taken for processing or left where they were shot. Hunters may not use dogs, bait or traps to take feral hogs on WMAs and may not take or attempt to take feral hogs at night.
Feral hogs may not be hunted or possessed on any wildlife management area not listed.
Beryl Anthony Lower Ouachita
Buffalo National River
Camp Robinson SUA
Crossett Experimental Forest
Dale Bumpers White River NWR
Devil’s Knob Natural Area
Dr. Lester Sitzes III Bois D’Arc
Ed Gordon Point Remove
Freddie Black Choctaw Island Deer Research Area
Greers Ferry Lake
Harold E. Alexander Spring River
Henry Gray Hurricane Lake
J. Perry Mikles Blue Mountain SUA
Jamestown Independence County
McIIroy Madison County
Moro Big Pine Natural Area
Nimrod Lloyd Millwood
Ozark National Forest WMA
Petit Jean River
Pond Creek NWR
Scott Henderson Gulf Mountain
Shirey Bay Rainey Brake
St. Francis National Forest
St. Francis Sunken Lands
Steve N. Wilson Raft Creek Bottoms
U of A Pine Tree Experimental Station WDA