Archery (JHARVNC)


The participants will learn archery basics, including the parts of the bow and arrow, safety procedures and shooting technique.

Grade Level:


Recommended Setting:

Indoor range

Outdoor Activity:



Janet Huckabee Arkansas River Valley Nature Center, Fort Smith


Education Program Coordinator, 479-452-3993


45 minutes

Suggested Number of Participants:

Up to 25 to 30

Special Conditions:

Weather permitting; adequate adult supervision


  • Recognize archery as a potentially safe and enjoyable outdoor sport
  • Identify the various types of bows as well as the parts of the arrow and, specifically, the compound bow
  • Use proper safety procedures on an archery range
  • Demonstrate proper handling and shooting technique

Key Terms*:


Compound bow

*See glossary for definations



Bows (The Genesis model will be provided in right- and left-hand models.)

Floor quivers

Kevlar or other suitable backstop system


Supplies for marking a shooting line


Archery is a sport anyone can enjoy, and every year, millions turn to archery for recreation. Many sports enthusiasts consider archery a discipline similar to martial arts. There are four basic types of bows:  recurve, long, compound and cross. The traditional style is called a long bow and consists of a simple wooden bow that forms the shape of a “D.” The most recent development in archery is the compound bow. Compound bows use a pulley system that controls the arrow’s acceleration. The Genesis bow combines draw and let-off features that any shooter can use.
(Note:  Archery instruction should be given to groups only by trained instructors.)


  1. Introduce the lesson with a discussion of archery. Questions to answer are “What is it? Who does it? What type of equipment is needed?”
  2. Using the equipment, teach the parts and safe handling of the bow and arrow.
  3. Demonstrate correct shooting stance and technique.
  4. Explain the rules of the shooting range. Make sure participants understand the verbal commands to follow and the safety lines.  Emphasize safe behavior and make it clear that anyone who violates safe procedure will be removed from the shooting range.
  5. When the instructor feels confident that participants understand the expectations, allow two shooters to proceede to the range to practice.


  • Compare and contrast the various types of bows.
  • Describe the safety precautions one must take while shooting a bow.
  • What does it mean to “dry fire” a bow and what are the hazards?
  • Demonstrate how to hold and shoot a bow.


National Archery in the Schools Program. Arkansas Game and Fish Commission site:


Archery – the practice of shooting with a bow and arrows


Compound bow – a modern bow that uses a levering system