Wildlife Management (JHARVNC)
Wildlife management techniques and habitat needs such as food, water, shelter and space are explored. This program may include a discussion of food plots and attracting wildlife.
Classroom, natural habitats, food plots or different managed habitats
Janet Huckabee Arkansas River Valley Nature Center, Fort Smith
Education Program Coordinator, 479-452-3993
Suggested Number of Participants:
Weather permitting, outdoor activity
- Learn how wildlife management evolved
- Understand different types of wildlife management
- Define habitat and components of habitat
- Learn types of programs available for landowners
Components of habitat
*See glossary for definations
- Wildlife is any non-domestic animal
- Wildlife conservation is the wise use of wildlife resources
- Users of wildlife
- Consumptive users (hunters)
- Nonconsumptive users (bird watchers, photographers, hikers, and campers)
- History of wildlife management
- Wildlife management began in Europe
- Wildlife becomes extinct (passenger pigeon)
- Laws were passed
- Wildlife Management
- Conservation is the wise use of resources
- Preservation is the nonuse of resources
- Wildlife management tools
- Fire or controlled burning
- Food plots
- Shelter belts
- Timber sales
- A responsible hunter
- Habitat is the natural environment of a plant or animal that supplies its needs
- Best in spring (large food supply)
- In summer, large populations diminish food supply
- Starvation can occur due to limited food supply
- The worst effect on wildlife is habitat destruction
- Carrying capacity - the amount of wildlife each habitat can support throughout the year
- Hunting seasons are primarily in the fall and winter; an important wildlife management tool that controls wildlife populations
- Components of habitat
- Space Arrangement of the environment
- Informing the public
- The future of wildlife depends on people
- Sportsmen do not endanger animal populations through regulated hunting
- Wildlife programs need support, license and permit fees pay for this
- Wildlife regulations are made to help manage wildlife and protect the hunter
- Introduce the evolution of wildlife management from extinction to conservation
- Discuss different management tools and practices
- Discuss habitat, components of habitat and carrying capacity.
- Discuss AGFC’s role in wildlife management and the programs readily available for landowners and sportsmen, either consumptive or nonconsumptive.
- Name an animal that was hunted into extinction and why.
- What is meant by preservation?
- What are some management tools?
- What is carrying capacity?
- List components of a habitat.
- How can Arkansas Game and Fish help landowners?
Carrying capacity – amount of wildlife or fish an area of land or water can sustain which may be affected by available food, water and space
Components of habitat – space, food, water and shelter
Extinction – in biology, no longer in existence; the death or ceasing to exist of all members of a species or family of organisms
Habitat – an arrangement of food, water, shelter or cover, and space suitable to animals’ needs
Wildlife management – application of scientific knowledge and technical skills to protect, preserve, conserve, limit, enhance or extend the value of wildlife and its habitat