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Call of the Wild (FLWCRNC)

TopicHabitat and Management - Species and Habitat Management
Wildlife - General
Summary
Call of the Wild introduces participants to a variety of wild animal sounds and helps them understand why animals make calls and vocalize. Participants learn about calling devices and how wildlife biologists use them to monitor populations and hunters use them to attract game.
Grade Level4 - 12 (Program can be modified to suit the audience)
Recommended SettingIndoor or outdoor classroom
LocationForrest L. Wood Crowley’s Ridge Nature Center, Jonesboro
Contact

Education Program Coordinator, 870-933-6787

Duration25 minutes
Suggested Number of Participants25 - 120
Special Conditions
Must have a minimum of 25 students
Objectives
  • Identify various animal calls.
  • Identify types of calling devices.
  • Learn how animals communicate with sounds.
  • Understand how biologists use animal calls to measure wildlife populations.
  • Learn how hunters use animal calls.
Key Terms*

AGFC

Bark

Bleat

Bugle

Carrying capacity

Gobble

Gobble survey

Grunt

Population monitoring

Snort

Vocalization

Whistle counts

Wildlife biologist

Materials

Electronic calling devices

Hand-held calling devices

Background

Wild animals communicate by using various vocalizations for different reasons. Animals may use sounds to locate a mate, defend territory, alert others to predators, hunt or let other animals know where they are.

 

Procedure

1.   Discuss the ways wild animals communicate, and ask participants for examples. Discuss how wild animals use a mixture of vocal calls, scents and signals to communicate.

2.   Show some animal photos and mechanically illustrate the vocalizations for each species shown.

3.   Discuss how different animal sounds have different meanings and demonstrate assorted hand-held calls.

4.   Outline the basic concept of population monitoring within scientific wildlife management. Explain how wildlife biologists use gobble surveys (Eastern wild turkey), whistle counts (bobwhite quail) and other similar methods to gauge wildlife populations. Show examples of charts and graphs compiled from these counts. Note that wildlife biologists compare wildlife populations with the land’s carrying capacity to set management strategies.

Modifications

Use the gobble survey and whistle count to create math lessons. (This program is suitable for many grade levels. Use age-appropriate vocabulary.)

Review
  • In addition to vocalizations, what are other ways animals communicate?
  • What are additional ways wildlife biologists might monitor animal populations?

 

Resources

Wilson, Steven N. (1998). Arkansas Wildlife: A History. Fayetteville: The University of Arkansas Press.

Related Documents
Glossary

AGFC – (Arkansas Game & Fish Commission) – the state agency responsible for managing fish and wildlife

 

Bark (vocalization) – sharp, chattering call by squirrels to clear an area of predators and alert other squirrels of danger; abrupt, harsh, explosive cry of a dog or other animal

 

Bleat – soft social call made by white-tailed deer does and fawns

 

Bugle – scream made by bull elks during the rut (breeding season) to assemble cows or to warn other bulls

 

Carrying capacity – amount of wildlife or fish an area of land or water can sustain which may be affected by available food, water and space

 

Gobble – throaty cry of a male turkey

 

Gobble survey – a biological survey of wild turkeys conducted by listening for turkey gobbles in designated areas to determine populations in the spring

 

Grunt – a low-pitched exhalation sound typically made by a white-tailed buck deer to a doe during the rut (breeding season)

 

Population monitoring – sampling method wildlife biologists use to estimate the number of species in an area by vocalization counts, harvest data from hunting season, trap counts, visual counts, etc.

 

Snort – loud “whoosh” made by white-tailed deer by exhaling air through their nostrils when alarmed, often made in succession; used to locate an unseen predator they have heard or smelled or to alert other deer of danger

 

Vocalization – sound made by an animal to socialize, mate, alarm or show aggression to other animals

 

Whistle count – annual population count of Northern Bobwhite Quail by listening for the characteristic whistle in designated areas and used to estimate quail populations in the spring

 

Wildlife biologist – scientist who studies and manages wild animals and their habitats